Microgrids Are The Way Forward for Canada’s Remote Communities

Each year, over 90 million liters of diesel fuel are transported, at great cost, to remote communities in Canada. The season to safely navigate ice roads has become shorter due to climate change, leaving communities exposed to increased price and supply volatility.  Pembina Insitute has partnered with key stakeholders to see if renewable energy microgrids can offer a clean alternative, local economic development, and a renewed sense of community pride.

To many First Nation, Inuit and Metis communities, reducing diesel fuel use is consistent with their traditional way of life — using local resources and protecting the environment for future generations.

Barend Dronkers – Pembina Institute

This past fall, jQuery(document).ready(function($) {$(“.wpsm-tooltip-sw”).tipsy({gravity: “sw”, fade: true, html: true });})The Pembina Institute held its second Renewables in Remote Microgrids conference in Yellowknife, Northwest Territories. This conference brought different groups together including: First Nations representatives, environmental NGO’s, manufacturers, utilities, managers, extraction companies, and government representatives from both Canada and the US (Alaska).

The conference focused on lifting barriers for remote communities to improve microgrid access within these regions. This included a healthy discussion on decreasing investment risk. Delegates discussed the need to provide more efficient funding models including Power Purchase Agreements (PPA),  eliminating red tape for microgrid permits, and seeing through projects from start to finish.

Building community capacity in order to ensure success was also talked about during the conference. Examples of programs which support community capacity for remote Canadian communities include British Columbia’s Coast First Nation Great Bear Initiative. This program provides assistance to First Nation communities in discussion and planning for new energy projects.

Remote northern communities have many challenges, which make it more important to push microgrids to better lives. First, having access to high quality affordable food is needed. Often healthy foods and milk are expensive, a small bag of apples can cost as much as $15.00CDN. Lack of accessible healthy food has also created severe health problems in many Canadian First Nation communities, including high rates of diabetes.

Image Coutesy of Pembina Institute

Second, remote communities often lack modern infrastructure. This includes inadequate housing, and lack clean drinking water, which has caught media attention in recent years in Canada.

Third, northern towns are trucking diesel in order to power their energy system. This causes economic, financial, and environmental strain. Consider, 90 million litres of diesel were imported yearly from 2004 to 2008, according analysis from Natural Resources Canada.

Fourth, and the biggest wildcard factor is climate change is making winters shorter for northern First Nation Communities. This decreases the months for winter roads, which is vital for bringing in necessary goods. Ontario regional Chief of the Assembly of First Nations Isadore Day said recently winter roads cannot be relied on anymore as they use to be a way of life for them. First Nations raised this concern during the COP21 in Paris late last year.

Microgrids can provide a way of leapfrogging forward for these communities who need clean energy alternatives, while providing modern access to energy, which can help in reducing food costs, improving housing conditions, and cutting diesel transportation to First Nation areas.

Microgrids are a leapfrogging technology which First Nations can harness and promote as The Pembina Institute highlights:

The pace of technological advancement in renewable energy and microgrids is faster than utilities, governments, and communities can react. Projects already on the ground should be driving policy and demonstrating positive effects on local capacity. Technology — properly deployed — can also reduce investment risk and increase community benefit. Examples include modularized plug-and-play systems and standardized technical designs. Governments can help by supporting developers with best-practice project execution that mitigates the risks of working in remote regions with harsh, unpredictable environments.

Barend Dronkers – Pembina Institute

Already, we are slowly seeing this transformation taking shape. Lutsel K’e Dene First Nation in the Northwest Territories built a 35kW solar panel array in order to reduce high diesel costs. The system is likely to produce the most during summer months when delivery supply routes are cut off.

With the global microgrid market expected to reach $35.1US billion by 2020, a great potential lies for Canadian First Nation remote communities, with the proper financial assistance, and training to build a resilient system in order to improve their lives.

Lead Image: Canadian Flag via WikiCommons Some Rights Reserved under Creative Commons 2.0

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Source: Microgrid Media

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